Cloth falls over controversial Cambodia tribunal: last living Khmer Rouge leader (91) also convicted of genocide on appeal

Cloth falls over controversial Cambodia tribunal: last living Khmer Rouge leader (91) also convicted of genocide on appeal
Cloth falls over controversial Cambodia tribunal: last living Khmer Rouge leader (91) also convicted of genocide on appeal

The Khmer Rouge came to power in 1975 after years of guerrilla warfare. In the early years, the communist movement was still supported by Vietnam. She was eventually ousted from power by the Vietnamese in 1979. The seizure of power led to a civil war in which the Khmer Rouge entrenched themselves in the jungle. The war ended in 1998.

The Khmer Rouge adopted a Maoist ideology that abolished all individual property, separated families and abolished the words “father” and “mother”. Money was also abolished and even barter was prohibited. Cities were evacuated and the city dwellers were housed in collective farms.

In the 4 years that the Khmer Rouge was in power, they are estimated to have killed between 1.5 and 2 million people, in labor camps, by mass execution and starvation. That was about 25 percent of the population at the time. Among them, about 20,000 ethnic Vietnamese and between 100,000 and 500,000 Cham Muslims. Civil servants, teachers, monks and intellectuals were also distrusted and murdered.

After their reign, several mass graves were found in Cambodia, which went down in history as the so-called killing fields.

The article is in Dutch

Tags: Cloth falls controversial Cambodia tribunal living Khmer Rouge leader convicted genocide appeal

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