The new constitution designates Chile as a social and democratic constitutional state, plurinational, intercultural, regional and ecological. Also new is the recognition of the rights of women, ethnic minorities, LGBTQI minorities, people with disabilities and seniors. The old constitution was based on the family as the core of society.
The text of the new constitution was drawn up by a Constituent Assembly, which, in addition to elected politicians, also included all kinds of representatives of society.
The constitution is the direct result of the social unrest three years ago, when Chileans took to the streets en masse against the government of then President Sebastián Piñera. More expensive metro tickets were the reason, but it became a real protest movement against the neoliberal policy. Piñera eventually had to bow and called a referendum in 2020, with 80 percent of voters voting for the replacement of the old constitution. Moments later, Gabriel Boric won the presidential election.
Whether Boric will prevail today with a new constitution is not certain, as voters are divided. Polls indicate that only 37 percent are in favour. 47 percent would be against and 15 percent is still undecided. The actual result is difficult to predict because so many are undecided and because today’s vote is mandatory.