(Updates prices at 1145 GMT)
By Ankur Banerjee and Alun John
SINGAPORE/LONDON, Nov 7 (Reuters) – The dollar advanced on Tuesday as last week’s rally in riskier currencies took a breather, gaining on the euro after weak German data and on the Australian dollar after its central bank raised interest rates but hinted the hike was the cycle’s last.
The dollar index which tracks the US unit against six main peers was up 0.35% at 105.65, driven by a 0.37% fall in the euro to $1.0677 and a 0.4% drop in the pound to $1.2288.
Tuesday data showing a larger-than-expected fall in German industrial production in September contributed to the euro’s weakness, said Fiona Cincotta, senior financial market analyst at City Index.
“The data comes after the German manufacturing PMI showed a deep contraction in October and suggests that the sector remains under pressure, acting as a drag on the German economy,” she said.
The euro, like most other currencies, gained sharply on the dollar last week as a series of data points – most notably US data from Friday showing job growth slowed in October – sent the US unit lower.
That led markets to price in Federal Reserve rate cuts by the middle of next year, contributing to a move lower in US Treasury yields, and lifting risk appetite.
The dollar fell 1.4% last week, its steepest decline since mid-July, a sharp reversal after a recent run higher.
“If you look at the percentage of currencies that have been down versus the dollar over the last 26 weeks, it was approaching 100%, and data also showed very long dollar positioning … so we got a reversal of some of those positions triggered by the jobs report,” said Chester Ntonifor, foreign exchange strategist at BCA Research.
Where markets go from here “will have to depend on the incoming data”.
The rally in bonds and equities last week looks to be fading, with yields higher at the start of the week and the market focus switching to Fed officials’ comments this week.
Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis President Neel Kashkari said on Monday the US central bank likely has more work ahead to control inflation.
Fed Chairman Jerome Powell is due to speak on Wednesday and Thursday, when the focal point will be whether he maintains the more dovish tone struck after the Fed’s policy meeting last week.
The focus was on Australia earlier in the day, where the Reserve Bank raised interest rates by 25 basis points to combat stubborn inflation, as expected, but markets seized on a tweak to the language in the central bank’s statement, and concluded further tightening was unlikely .
The Australian dollar sank 1.2%% to $0.641, on course for its biggest one-day percentage decline in a month.
Commonwealth Bank of Australia’s currency strategist Carol Kong said RBA’s forward guidance was slightly watered down, which was perceived as dovish, resulting in the Aussie quickly giving back its gains after an initial knee-jerk rally.
The Aussie had been among the beneficiaries of last week’s weakening dollar and touched a three-month peak on Monday
“With the RBA out of the way, the major determinants of AUD/USD will shift back to global. Expect focus to move back to Fed rhetoric and the resultant impacts on US Treasuries,” Kong said.
The dollar gained 0.24% on the Japanese yen to 150.43 yen, back above the 150 level that has kept traders on edge in recent weeks as they look for signs of intervention from Tokyo.
The yen softened to 151.74 per dollar last week, edging closer to October 2022 lows that spurred several rounds of dollar-selling intervention.
(Reporting by Ankur Banerjee in Singapore and Alun John in London ; Editing by Sam Holmes, Miral Fahmy, Edmund Klamann, Kim Coghill and Emelia Sithole-Matarise)